by Alexandra Hallqvist and Zoë Meijer*
Posted in Alexandra Hallqvist, Analysis, Sub-Saharan Africa, Violence against Civilians, Zoe Meijer
Tagged Civilians, Juba, Justice, Legal Actions, Sexual Violence, South Sudan, Stigmatization, United Nations
by Suna J. Voss and Shawn Davies*
Identity politics is in the news. While identity might be a construct, as the constructivist argument goes, attempts to transcend one identity generally lead into the construction of another. What does this mean for politics and society? The ethnicities of Gujarati and Marathi are united as Indians. This came at the price of the revival of a Hindu-Muslim conflict. The Europeans are in the midst of a transnational identity construction, the formation of a common European identity, meant to bridge the previously so devastating Franco-German conflict. While some are embracing their new European identity, others struggle for the revival of the nation-state project, as evident from Brexit. Movements mobilised around ethnic, racial or religious identity labels, as the basis for political claims, are growing: examples abound, from revived nationalist movements in Europe, to the success of Donald Trump in mobilising white Americans against international influence and other identity groups.
Posted in Analysis, Europe, Global, International Politics, Shawn Davies, Suna Voss
Tagged Alsace, Brexit, Donald Trump, George Papandreou, Globalization, Identity, Identity Formation, Identity Politics, Locus of Control, Nationalism, Nationalist Movements, New and Old Wars, Particularism, Regionalism, Right-wing, Scottish Independence, Trascending Identity
by Lani M. Anaya Jiménez*
For a long time conflict resolution processes tended to be observed and mediated on a state basis where high level actors where the most important ones (Lederach, 1997). However, conflicts based on non-state actors have increased considerably during last ten years (UCDP, 2016). As a result, there is the need of new frameworks to work with local level actors in order to build peace. Non Violent Communication (NVC) has demonstrated to be a good alternative in conflict resolution, especially at grassroots levels. In this article we aim to explain NVC theoretical framework, some cases where the methodology has been applied and one Latin American organization who has successfully worked with NVC at local and international level.
Posted in Americas, Analysis, Lani Anaya Jiménez, Non Violent Conflicts
Tagged Conflict Resolution, Costa Rica, Grassroot Level, Ireland, Latin America, Local Level, Local Ownership, Malaysia, Nigeria, Non Violence, Peace Building, Rwanda, Serbia, Sri Lanka
by Barbara Magalhães Teixeira*
The TED Talk of Manwar Ali, filmed in April 2016, touches upon a central subject in Peace and Conflict Research: rebel recruitment. He is a former jihadist that shares his experience of joining a rebel group and risking his life for a cause. Through his testimony, we get access to what goes on inside the mind of an individual that makes him join a rebel group. The field of Peace and Conflict Research has battled with this phenomenon trying to understand what causes individuals to voluntarily risk their lives in war. More specifically, we are interested in explaining the voluntary part that drives individuals to join armed conflicts, and for this, we will use the Collective Commitment Theory to try and explain it through the experience of Ali and the case of Al-Qaeda. This remains one of the most asked questions in our field, and this is an attempt to shed more light in the path towards the answer.
Posted in Analysis, Barbara Magalhães Teixeira, Middle East and North Africa, Rebel Recruitment
Tagged Al-Qaeda, AL-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, Community, Islam, Jihadism, Religion, Terrorism, Yemen
by Alessandro Fava, Joel Martinsson and Sofia Jarvis*
The 2012 Election was with American measurements a devastating loss for the Republican Party and its nominee Mitt Romney. In the wake of Romney’s failed presidential bid the Republican party presented an evaluation of what went wrong, labelling it “The Growth and Opportunity Project”. The report described the shrinking support for the Republican party from all minority groups across the country: George Bush for example managed to get 44 % of the votes from “Asian and other” group, whereas Mitt Romney only got 26 % (Barbour et al, 2013). The report further showed that minorities viewed the party as unfriendly towards them. The importance of changing this unfortunate view of the Republican Party was even recognized in the right wing sections of the party, seeing how for example the ultra conservative TEA-party leader Dick Armey claimed that: “You can’t call someone ugly and expect them to go to the prom with you. We’ve chased the Hispanic voter out of his natural home” (Barbour et al, 2013).
Posted in Alessandro Fava, Americas, Articles, International Politics, Joel Martinsson, Sofia Jarvis, Uncategorized
Tagged Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton, Iowa, Latinos, Minorities in the U.S., Religious Right, Republican Party, Texas, U.S. presidential election 2016, United States, Utah